Yet even this act involves a social adjustment with attitudes, emotional and muscular patterns that have a profound influence on the whole being.
In early infancy it is as purely a reflective act as we can imagine.
Soon after, however, the mother will begin to withdraw the security which her presence brings to the child, and leave him in isolated privacy.
Then a bargaining system begins: The mother expects and the child “gives” something which he alone can produce and which is eagerly expected from him.
He soon learns to give freely and gain approval or to contain himself when he is neglected.
Immature persons who are unable to dissociate parts of earlier experience without reinstating the whole situation, when faced with tasks where they have to give of themselves without being acknowledged, acting against their own will, become angry, feel like chucking the whole thing, and often impulsively do so.
But when forcing themselves to proceed with the task they often develop diarrhea.
In a similar way rebelliousness against authority which is consistently checked is associated with chronic constipation.